How To Treat A Dry Eye Disease Flare-Up After Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery is meant to eliminate eye infections, whether minor or severe, and that’s the result you get after the procedure. Sharp vision, a confident look in bright light, and an improved lifestyle are all benefits and outcomes of a well-planned and professionally conducted cataract surgery. 

However, post-cataract surgery results are not always positive. You can have heard about some people who came back from a cataract surgery session and started nursing other eye infections, which may worsen the case. 

How could that be? It may happen if the patient has some health complications in the eye or other body parts before the surgery. Some eye complications that may occur after cataract surgery if all ends are not tightened are blurry vision, discomfort, posterior capsule opacity (PCO), glare, halos, light sensitivity, nausea, bloodshot or red-eye floaters, droopy eyelids, and Dry eye disease.  

Suppose you begin to experience the symptoms of any of the above-listed eye infections after cataract surgery. The best thing is to contact your eye doctor and make necessary complaints in that instance.   

In this article, we focus on how you can treat dry eye infection after surgery before the condition gets aggravated and leads to partial or total blindness.

If you are part of the 16 million Americans diagnosed with dry eye disease, you wouldn’t be a stranger to the watering and burning of this frustrating eye condition. Meanwhile, when the situation worsens and affects your daily living, the experience is better imagined than experienced. One of the annoying parts is that getting the perfect blend of treatments and lifestyle changes to relieve its symptoms can take a long time and effort. Hence, it can become more frustrating for patients who haven’t found a remedy to face the sting of a flare-up later. What’s a flare-up? It is a temporary event of discomfort that can last for some days or a few weeks. 

Meanwhile, all hope is not lost. This article exposes you to the best practices and methods to manage an unfavorable situation. That’s how vital this write-up could be for you and anyone else in the episode of discomfort. In reality, knowing what causes the dry eye flare-up and maximizing your chance to explore new therapies and medicines may help you eliminate the problem and get a better vision in the shortest time possible. You can read about How To Get The Right Surgeon For Your Cataract Surgery by clicking here.

What is a Dry Eye Flare-up?

The annoying post-cataract surgery complication called flare-up is an event of dry eye symptoms that develops in response to an external cause in people with dry eye disease. In most cases, dry eye flare-ups don’t give notable early warning signs that would hint to the patient to respond on time before the problem worsens. Often, it happens suddenly, putting the patient in unexpected discomfort. A dry eye flare-up is a result of your inflammatory response to injury.

If a ball or any heavy object hits under your arm, that place turns red, swells up, and becomes painful. When your ocular surface (the eye’s surface) takes a ‘hit,’ your eye tears up, gets red, and feels uncomfortable,” said Christopher Starr, MD, associate professor of Ophthalmology at Weill Cornell Medicine.

A flare-up in a patient with dry eye is like an attack on an asthma patient. In both cases, discomfort may be increased by the body’s immune response. Doctors report that over 80% of patients with dry eye experience flare-ups.

What Transforms Dry Eye to Flare Up?

Several causative agents influence the development of inflammation and trigger a flare-up. They include:

  • Air conditioning
  • Exposure to reduced air humidity like a long airplane ride
  • Wind
  • Continuous gazing at devices’ screens, including working on a computer, scrolling through a smartphone, or watching TV.
  • Wearing contact lenses for a long time 
  • Failure to be committed to prescribed medication for dry eye infection
  • Seasonal Allergic Conjunctivitis
  • Air exhaled from the edge of a loosened face mask can affect the ocular surface 
  • LASIK Eye surgery and others

LASIK and cataract surgery are also common causative factors of dry eye for several reasons. Suppose your doctor skipped or didn’t ask the right questions during the pre-surgery visits. In that case, you may begin to experience dry eyes afterward due to some unidentified health complications. For that reason, it is always ideal to explain your health history and present status to your doctor before cataract surgery. 

Another common cause might be accidental damage to the corneal nerve when the doctor makes an incision. The process might lead to temporary diminished corneal sensation and tear production. Flare-ups occurring during cataract surgery can sting for up to 3 weeks or more. Topical medications prescribed after surgery can also contribute to flare-ups if they contain preservatives. The eye’s outermost layer will recover over time, and other issues will fade away as if nothing ever happened.

If you were diagnosed with dry eye and need cataract surgery, discuss the available options with your eye doctor to treat your eyes before the surgery date to help reduce flare-up symptoms.

Symptoms of Severe Dry Eye Flares

The several symptoms of dry eye flare include a return of the signs experienced before the eye condition became worse. They may also include:

  • tearing
  • red eyes
  • blurred or fluctuating vision
  • ocular burning
  • desire to close your eyes 
  • feeling that your eyes hurt or tired

How Long Does a Flare-up Last?

While many help, there is currently one FDA-approved medicine specifically for severe eye infections like dry eye flare-ups, Eyesuvis. That is a topical corticosteroid that can be used for two weeks.

Finally

Your doctor may suggest combining treatment with lifestyle changes with other particular medications. To encourage long-term healing, they may prescribe an immunomodulator such as Cequa, Restasis, or Xiidra. If you perceive new or worsening dry eye symptoms, see your ophthalmologist immediately.

Everything You Should Know About Cataract Surgery

If you have been diagnosed with cataracts and have some uncertainty about what the corrective procedure looks like, you are not alone. More than other kinds of operations, cataract surgery is safe and fast. Not only that, it is super-efficient to give you the perfect result you can see every desire. 

To clear your doubt and calm your nerves, I have compiled every essential information you need to know about cataract surgery to answer any question that may be clouding your mind. 

Who needs cataract surgery?

A cataract is an eye infection that makes vision blur and imperfect. Other symptoms may include double vision, night blindness, or even total blindness. When you notice any of the infections mentioned above, cataracts may be growing in your eyes. Meanwhile, you can’t just diagnose yourself based on assumptions. You need to visit a seasoned medical practitioner to confirm. 

Even If you have been diagnosed with cataracts, you still might not necessarily need cataract surgery. How about that? Allow me to explain. Cataracts condition is usually gradual. If your vision imperfection has not gone to a severe level, going for cataract surgery might not be necessary. In that case, eyeglasses and contact lenses will correct the minor problems and restore your vision to the initial perfect condition. Though eyeglasses and contact lenses require constant updates and repairs, they can be good options for cataract surgery.

However, when cataracts grow, you may begin to see more severe symptoms. You may have to struggle with dim or blurry vision at this juncture. You may also experience double vision, meaning that every image turns two in your eyes. As mentioned above, the vision makes it hard for people to read, operate any device, or even do any activity that requires focusing eyesight. 

You may also begin to have poor sight and find it challenging to drive both in the morning and night. While walking at night, looking at headlights becomes an issue as you would become sensitive to glare. As a sportsman, cataracts can make you perform woefully on the pitch or affect your overall life quality. In a nutshell, when you have advanced cataracts, your vision becomes extremely bad.     

If you see the abovementioned symptoms, you indeed need cataract surgery. On the contrary, you might also be a good candidate for cataract surgery, even if your cataracts are at a minor level. It all depends on the instruction of your doctor. Visit http://relaxmyeyes.com/how-to-treat-a-dry-eye-disease-flare-up-after-cataract-surgery/ to read about How To Treat A Dry Eye Disease Flare-Up After Cataract Surgery.

How can I get ready for cataract surgery?

Before the day of cataract surgery, you need first to book a meeting with your surgeon to discuss the procedure’s success. It is essential to explain your health status to your doctor during the visitation. Basically, the consultation is meant for questioning and answering. Your doctor would seek honest answers by asking you questions concerning your health history. 

You also need to ask any questions regarding whatever uncertainty you are nursing towards the day. Before the surgery date, you and your doctor must work together to determine the size of the lens suitable for you. Your surgeon would also examine you for eye infections and prescribe the proper medication to eliminate them.

Take note that you don’t eat or drink 12 hours before the surgery. You can plan it in your meal to don’t go to the surgery venue feeling famished. 

What happens during cataract surgery?

There are not many ceremonies on the day of the surgery. Usually, nothing happens aside from the basics. The doctor breaks up the affected lens in your eyes and replaces it with an artificial lens. All things being equal, it doesn’t take more than an hour. 

Cataract surgery is fast, safe, simple, and painless. Yet, you might be somewhat nervous during the procedure. It is customary for our surgeon to give you some medications to help you stay calm. Before the process begins, your doctor will administer special eye drops to numb eyes and keep them active throughout the surgery. Next, he will give you some sedative drugs to relax your nerves and make you stable. 

Note that your surgeon cannot perform one cataract surgery for both eyes. If cataracts grow in both eyes, you will need two separate surgeries at different times. Ideally, you may need to rest a week before returning to the surgery venue for the other operation. 

When will my vision get better after cataract surgery?

Your vision will become blurred temporarily within the first 24 hours. But, after that, you will gradually get an improved sight until your perfect vision is restored permanently. Depending on your situation, your surgeon may prescribe some aftercare medication, including consistent application of eye drops to aid the healing process. 

To be precise, your vision will be perfectly restored within a few weeks after cataract surgery. How quickly you will recover is also subject to how deliberate you are with your aftercare medications. Your doctor will give you precise recommendations on using your medicine afterward.

Can cataracts regrow again after the surgery?

Yes! The cataract can return in your eyes after you have gone for surgery. It can grow again. Having cataract surgery doesn’t mean you can use your eyes anyhow. The bottom line here is to be conscious about managing your eyes’ health after the surgery. Typically, your surgeon would give you some professional tips on how you keep your eyes healthy after the surgery. Failure to adhere to that instruction will be putting your eyes in trouble.   

Are the two cataract surgery options available?

We have traditional and laser-assisted cataract surgery. Though most patients prefer the laser-assisted option, both alternatives involve an incision in the eye. The surgeon would need to remove the affected lens and replaces it with a healthy artificial one. The significant difference between the traditional and laser-assisted is that the latter is more precise and doesn’t require more ultrasonic energy to remove the affected lens. That means speed in the process and less suffering to the eye. 

Final Words

Having the right information about cataract surgery is good to get you prepared. It will also keep you less nervous during the procedure as you might have already done everything necessary to have a smooth and painless surgery. To learn more about cataract surgery, it is ideal to visit your eye doctor for more clarity and most importantly, an examination of your overall health to determine whether you are a good candidate for the surgery.